Salaries: deputies give ground in the ranking of the highest paid French people
Posted Apr 30, 2023, 2:41 PM MPs are still at the top of the income…
Posted Apr 30, 2023, 2:41 PM
MPs are still at the top of the income scale, but they have been falling since the 2000s. They are now part of the best paid 3% of French people, whereas they belonged to the most advantaged 1% is in his twenties, according to a study.
Deputies as senators receive a monthly allowance of 7,493 euros gross per month, aligned with the salary very high officials of the Council of State. This remuneration allows “any citizen, whatever his social condition, to be able to exercise a mandate” and it is “the price of the independence and the dignity of the function”, underlines the site of the National ***embly.
Support for various costs
Since its establishment in 1789, parliamentary allowance has been the object of fierce and regular criticism”, recall the sociologist Etienne Ollion and the jurist Eric Buge in the latest issue of the review “Les Annales” and in a note from the Institute of Public Policies published this week. Since 1914, they have endeavored to estimate the amount of the “real indemnity” of deputies, by deducting the costs linked to the mandate (parliamentary permanency, collaborators, etc.).
During the 20th century, this real level reached between 3 and 5 times the average worker’s wage. And between 1945 and the end of the 1990s, the parliamentary allowance placed deputies among the 1% of French people with the highest incomes.
In detail, the revaluations of the point of the civil service increased this remuneration until the 1960s. Then another mechanism was triggered: the ***embly gradually took charge of costs such as the remuneration of employees, travel and computer costs. This indirectly increased the real income of MPs.
“Status of salaried executive”
But from the 2000s, this income experienced “a significant decline”, which pushed parliamentarians back from the rank of 1% to the rank of the 3% of the highest paid French people, calculated the authors of the study. Because the remuneration is then “linked to the index point (of the civil servants) only, without the possibility of additional support for their expenses”.
Moreover, the non-cumulation of mandates since 2017 has limited other sources of income. The authors make the link with the evolution of the mandate of deputy itself, which resembles “less and less a liberal profession” and more and more “a status of salaried executive”, with unemployment insurance at the end of similar mandate, a common law pension plan, as well as more stringent ethical rules.